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Types of Coaching
  • Acceptance and Commitment (ACT), is a type of psychotherapy/coaching that helps you accept the difficulties that come with life. ACT is a form of mindfulness-based therapy/coaching, theorizing that greater well-being can be attained by overcoming negative thoughts and feelings. Essentially, ACT looks at your character traits and behaviors to assist you in reducing avoidant coping styles. ACT also addresses your commitment to making changes, and what to do about it when you can't stick to your goals.

  • Coaching is an increasingly popular profession. While Life coaches don't focus on treating mental illness, they help individuals realize their goals in work and in life. Some specialize in certain areas. An executive coach, for example, might be enlisted to help a chief executive become a better manager, while a "love" coach may map out a plan to help a client find romantic fulfillment. And an Addiction coach will focus on areas of addiction.

  • Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), stresses the role of thinking in how we feel and what we do. It is based on the belief that thoughts, rather than people or events, cause our negative feelings. The coach assists the client in identifying, testing the reality of, and correcting dysfunctional beliefs underlying his or her thinking. The coach then helps the client modify those thoughts and the behaviors that flow from them. CBT is a structured collaboration between the coach and client and often calls for homework assignments. CBT has been clinically proven to help clients in a relatively short amount of time with a wide range of disorders, including depression and anxiety.

  • Compassion Focused, (CFT) helps those who struggle with the shame and self-criticism that can result from early experiences of abuse or neglect. CFT teaches clients to cultivate skills in compassion and self-compassion, which can help regulate mood and lead to feelings of safety, self-acceptance, and comfort.

  • Intervention, is a planned attempt by the family and friends of the subject to, in effect, get them to seek help for an addiction (i.e. drugs, medications, gambling) or other serious problem. Interventionists (as they are sometimes called) or intervention specialists often work with treatment facilities in order to provide the patient after-care that will be necessary.

  • Mindfulness-Based (MBCT), is for clients with chronic pain, hypertension, heart disease, cancer, and other health issues such as anxiety and depression, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, or MBCT, is a two-part therapy that aims to reduce stress, manage pain, and embrace the freedom to respond to situations by choice. MCBT blends two disciplines--cognitive therapy and mindfulness. Mindfulness helps by reflecting on moments and thoughts without passing judgment. MBCT clients pay close attention to their feelings to reach an objective mindset, thus viewing and combating life's unpleasant occurrences.

  • Motivational Interviewing, (MI), is a method of coaching therapy that works to engage the motivation of clients to change their behavior. Clients are encouraged to explore and confront their ambivalence. coaches attempt to influence their clients to consider making changes, rather than non-directively exploring themselves. Motivational Interviewing is frequently used in cases of problem drinking or addictions.

  • Person-Centered, uses a non-authoritative approach that allows clients to take more of a lead in discussions so that, in the process, they will discover their own solutions. The coach acts as a compassionate facilitator, listening without judgment and acknowledging the client's experience without moving the conversation in another direction. The coach is there to encourage and support the client and to guide the process without interrupting or interfering with the client's process of self-discovery.

  • Reality Coaching Therapy is a client-centered form of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy that focuses on improving present relationships and circumstances while avoiding discussion of past events. This approach is based on the idea that our most important need is to be loved, to feel that we belong and that all other basic needs can be satisfied only by building strong connections with others. Reality therapy teaches that while we cannot control how we feel, we can control how we think and behave. The goal of reality therapy is to help people take control of improving their own lives by learning to make better choices.

  • Solution Focused Brief (SFBT), sometimes called "brief therapy," focuses on what clients would like to achieve through therapy rather than on their troubles or mental health issues. The coach will help the client envision a desirable future, and then map out the small and large changes necessary for the client to undergo to realize their vision. The coach will seize on any successes the client experiences, to encourage them to build on their strengths rather than dwell on their problems or limitations.

  • Strength-based coaching is a type of positive coaching that focuses more on your internal strengths and resourcefulness, and less on weaknesses, failures, and shortcomings. This focus sets up a positive mindset that helps you build on your best qualities, find your strengths, improve resilience, and change your worldview to one that is more positive. A positive attitude, in turn, can help your expectations of yourself and others become more reasonable.

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